Unesco World Heritage Sites Beemster and De Schermer
From lake to water rich landscape
More than 400 years ago, between 1607 and 1612, the Dutch succeeded to reclaim land in an area that was at the time still an inland sea using 43 windmills. In those years, the lake of De Beemster changed into a beautiful landscape that lies 3.5 meters below sea level and is divided into a tight geometric pattern of squares and quadrants. It served as a model for many other land reclamation projects, including the Schermer. You can still see many water windmills in the Schermer landscape.
Jan Adriaenszoon Leeghwater, the son of a mill builder and hydraulic engineer, was the director of the project. When the reclamation was complete, the new land turned out to consist of fertile clay. The land was divided into plots and rented out to crop and livestock farmers, and rich merchants built their majestic mansions and manors there. De Beemster was put on the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites in 1999 as ‘a creative masterpiece created by humansˊ, with the 17th-century ideals still clearly visible in the entire area.
Nature reserve Schermereiland
Today, the area between De Beemster and De Schermer, Schermereiland (Schermer Island), is a popular nature reserve with unique swamp fowl and vegetation. There is plenty of cycling, there are boating tours, and you can go hiking except during the breeding season.
Tip: Rent a bicycle, Twizy or electric scooter to enjoy the stunning landscape. The bicycle paths and narrow roads are perfect for easy riding, and you can stop along the way wherever you like. You will see beautiful country houses and many old Dutch farms, which are nicknamed the pyramids of the North.
Watch this video: Unesco World Heritage Sites Beemster and De Schermer
The Museummolen (Museum Windmill) in Schermerhorn (address: Noordervaart 2) is part of a gorgeous set-up of three windmills in a row. From the visitors’ center, the second windmill, the Museummolen, can be admired. This hydraulic windmill is thatched and has been furnished in accordance with life in the early 20th century. Visitors can receive explanations from the miller in several languages and climb all the way to the top to see the turning gears up close.
Go to www.visitbeemster.nl for more information about activities and the Beemster Visitor Center.