Photo: The Haywain, Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado With the special collaboration of The Museo Nacional del Prado
Dutch masters

Hieronymus Bosch

Museumpark 18 - 20
3015CX Rotterdam
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Hieronymus Bosch is one of the most famous inhabitants Den Bosch has known. As a painter in the Renaissance, Bosch gained fame for his surreal representations in highly detailed paintings.

  • Unique painter of fantastical works.
  • Hieronymus is the most famous former inhabitant of Den Bosch.
  • Discover his masterpieces in several museums.

    The Life of Hieronymus Bosch

    Hieronymus Bosch came from a family of painters. His great-grandfather, grandfather, father, three uncles and two brothers were all painters. Hieronymus Bosch was without a doubt the most popular and renowned painter in the family.

    In 1488, Bosch joined the highly respected Brotherhood of Our Lady, which consisted of 50 influential citizens of 's-Hertogenbosch. The Brotherhood’s international network gave him access to the highest classes of society in Europe, who commissioned many of his works.

    Hieronymus Bosch might have traveled through Europe on at least two occasions. Though it wasn’t unusual to travel and study works of other artists abroad at the time, there is no real proof that Bosch travelled as well.

    The Work of Hieronymus Bosch

    Hieronymus Bosch’ lively, fantastical imagery made him stand out from the rest. Most of his paintings have biblical themes and are packed with fantasy creatures and double meanings. This earned him the nickname ‘the creator of devils’.

    Because Hieronymus Bosch took such a daring stand, he became popular and a source of inspiration for many other artists, including Salvador Dali, Jorg Immendorf and Robert Gober. Many of his works remain a complete mystery to scientists and admirers. Unfortunately, only 25 of his paintings and 8 of his drawings stood the test of time.

    Where to find Hieronymus Bosch

    The Hieronymus Bosch Art Center in the city of 's-Hertogenbosch is completely dedicated to the life and works of Hieronymus Bosch, who lived in 's-Hertogenbosch between 1450 and 1516. One of his most famous works, ‘The Pedlar’, is on display at Museum Boijmans van Beuningen in Rotterdam.

    Biography Hieronymus Bosch

    Born: 1450 in Den Bosch
    Deceased: 1516 in Den Bosch
    Wed to: Aleid van de Meervenne
    Discipline: Painting
    Style: Northern Renaissance

    Most famous works by Hieronymus Bosch

    Even though Hieronymus Bosch was a painter his entire life, for many paintings it is difficult to determine whether he actually painted them. At the time there were many followers of his who copied his work.

    The most famous works that can definitely be ascribed to him are:

    • The Haywain
    • The Garden of Earthly Delights
    • Adoration of the Magi
    • The Last Judgement
    • The Wayfarer or The Lost Son

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