Jheronimus Bosch

Born: 1450
Died: 1516
Field: Painting
Style: Northern Renaissance

Jheronimus Bosch’s greatest works:

  • The Hay Wagon
  • The Garden of Earthly Delights
  • The Adoration of the Magi
  • The Last Judgment
  • The Wayfarer

The Life of Jheronimus Bosch

Jheronimus Bosch came from a family of painters. His great-grandfather, grandfather, father, three uncles and two brothers were all painters. Jheronimus Bosch was without a doubt the most popular and renowned painter in the family.

In 1488, Bosch joined the highly respected Brotherhood of Our Lady, which consisted of 50 influential citizens of 's-Hertogenbosch. The Brotherhood’s international network gave him access to the highest classes of society in Europe, who commissioned many of his works.

Jheronimus Bosch might have traveled through Europe on at least two occasions. Though it wasn’t unusual to travel and study works of other artists abroad at the time, there is no real proof that Bosch travelled as well.

The Work of Jheronimus Bosch

Jheronimus Bosch’ lively, fantastical imagery made him stand out from the rest. Most of his paintings have biblical themes and are packed with fantasy creatures and double meanings. This earned him the nickname ‘the creator of devils’.

Because Jheronimus Bosch took such a daring stand, he became popular and a source of inspiration for many other artists, including Salvador Dali, Jorg Immendorf and Robert Gober. Many of his works remain a complete mystery to scientists and admirers. Unfortunately, only 25 of his paintings and 8 of his drawings stood the test of time.

Where to find Jheronimus Bosch

The Jheronimus Bosch Art Center in the city of 's-Hertogenbosch is completely dedicated to the life and works of Jheronimus Bosch, who lived in 's-Hertogenbosch between 1450 and 1516. One of his most famous works, ‘The Pedlar’, is on display at Museum Boijmans van Beuningen in Rotterdam